After decades of relentless rise, the number of new cases of diabetes in the United States has finally started to decline.
While minorities have higher rates of diabetes than non-Hispanic whites in general:
- 18.7% of African Americans,
- 11.8% of Hispanics,
- 8.4% among Asian Pacific Islanders
- 16.1% of Native/Indigenous populations
- 7.1% for non-Hispanic whites
…I think, in absolute numbers, whites still make up the majority of diabetes cases.
The higher rates of diabetes in minorities is a complicated issue. Genetics may play some part in it, but the bulk of the risk comes from socioeconomic factors. There are such things as urban food deserts where a healthy diet is not easily available. Take the case of New York City. Here’s a map of veggie intake, supermarket availablity, and diabetes rates. You may notice that these neighborhoods correspond closely with low-income, minority populated neighborhoods. Speaking from personal experience living in some of these areas, fried and fast foods are readily available. Fresh fruits and veggies? Not as much.