Lots of people say they have trouble sleeping. And 1 in 10 Americans has chronic insomnia.
Most often, sleep disorders are treated with medication. Between 6 and 10 percent of adults in the U.S. use sleeping pills. But a review of the medical evidence has found that therapy might help people with chronic sleep troubles just as much — or even more — than pills.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is effective for primary insomnia. That is, insomnia without medical cause. With primary insomnia, there is often some event that caused the individual to begin having trouble sleeping (e.g., a newborn). However, over time the brain starts to associate bed with a stressful place where no sleeping happens. The objective of CBT-I, then, is to reset this negative association and create a positive one.