Lemongrass: How Much Vitamin K?

Good news!  There’s no vitamin K in lemongrass/citronella.  None! Not in:

  • 1 tablespoon/5 grams
  • 1 ounce/28 grams
  • 3.5 ounces/100 grams

 

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Cheese Whiz: How Much Vitamin K?

I have not had Cheese Whiz in decades…  On reflection, it seemed to be one of the thing that came out of the 1980s.

In Cheese Whiz (source):

  • 1 ounce/28 grams contains no vitamin K
  • 3.5 ounces/100 grams contains no vitamin K

What it is, is a lot of fat, sodium, and cholesterol.  It is high in calcium, and calories.

Turbinado Sugar: How Much Vitamin K?

It’s sugar, so

  • 1 ounce/28 grams of turbinado sugar contains 0 mcg of vitamin K – 0% Daily Value (DV)
  • 3.5 ounces/100 grams of turbinado sugar contains 0 mcg of vitamin K – 0% Daily Value (DV)

There’s nothing in it but carbohydrates.

Another popular name for this sugar is “sugar in the raw”.  Turbinado sugar is from pure cane sugar extract. The term “turbinado” comes from the technique used in the making of this sugar. The sugar is spun in a cylinder or turbine. Turbinado sugar is brown looking like brown sugar, but paler in color with a subtle molasses flavor.

Related read: What’s the Difference? Muscovado, Demerara, & Turbinado

Spaghetti Squash Pomodoro Is a Super Easy Weeknight Meal

That is way too easy…

How much vitamin K you ask? See for yourself:

  • 1 cup/155 grams of spaghetti squash contains 1.2 mcg of vitamin K – 2% Daily Value (DV)
  • 100 grams of spaghetti squash contains 0.8 mcg of vitamin K – 1% DV
  • 1 ounce/28 grams of spaghetti squash contains 0.2 mcg of vitamin K – 0% DV

Basil is very high in vitamin K however, so I’d be very sparing with the basil…

Make Mushroom “Jerky” For an Umami-Packed Snack Anyone Can Enjoy

Not for those allergic to mushrooms, obviously 😉

These super salty, slightly tangy slices make a great addition to wraps, sandwiches, salads, and more. Keep them in your fridge for a quick snack or a means of adding intensity and umami to any dish!

Source: Vegan Mushroom “Jerky” (Slow-Roasted Mushroom Strips)

The recipe is similar to the this one for vegan smoked mushroom “bacon”, which is liable to be cheaper than the algae that tastes like bacon

Always cool to see what substitutions/alternatives people have come up with.  Traditional jerky uses meat, and has been suggested as a reasonable source of protein.  100 grams of beef jerky contains 33.2 grams of protein, and 2.3 mcg of vitamin K (3% Daily Value).  Grilled portobella mushroom has 5.2 grams of protein per 1 cup/121 grams, and no vitamin K.  Win some, lose some…

Factor V Leiden Thrombophilia

Today I learnt about Factor V Leiden thrombophilia, because I found out my father has it. He suffered a Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) a couple of years after I had my first.  Many people are asymptomatic carriers for Factor V, like Typhoid Mary but as it’s hereditary – Factor V is not contagious.

From the wikipedia page:

  • ~5% of North Americans have Factor V
  • ~30% of people who have a DVT or PE have Factor V
  • Women with Factor V have a substantially increased risk of clotting while pregnant or on estrogen-containing birth control pills (including hormone replacement)

I’ve got a call into my hematologist because I was told that I did not have any of the known hereditary things that they tested for.  That was ~10 years ago, but I’m am anxious to hear if something was missed – maybe someone forgot to run the test?  Whatever the reason, it’d be a comfort to know if I have Factor V.  Without any knowledge, all I can do is treat the symptoms.  Which can be too late.

About That INR Level…

My father beat me for “highest INR level” – his was 5.3 at one point.  I think mine was 4.1?  At first glance it’s funny, but there’s a serious risk of “spontaneous” bleeding.  He learnt what I’ve always said in previous posts about the vitamin K content of various foods: A “low” rating depends on the amount.  The vitamin K content adds up (it’s cumulative) in proportion to the amount of that food you eat.  He loves ginger apparently.  I do too, but I don’t like constant INR testing…

Musing on Medical Alerts

We also discussed means of communicating health issues in the event that we aren’t able to communicate them to strangers.  There’s no standardization for things like medical alert bracelets, which would automatically be removed by hospital staff because of constriction/compression risk.  That’s assuming the bracelet/etc survives whatever happened to require that.  I’d looked into tattoos, and settled on temporary tattoos.  Nothing is perfect – my temp tattoo would list information in English, and could be destroyed (even partially).  But on the upper chest, two at the clavicle (either side of the neck) would be visible when clothing is removed.  You can buy custom temp tattoos online, in bulk…

A Smartphone Dongle That Will Tell You If You’ve Got STDs

One step closer to the Star Trek tricorder!

A team of researchers, led by Samuel K. Sia, associate professor of biomedical engineering at Columbia Engineering, has developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three infectious disease markers from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes. The device replicates, for the first time, all mechanical, optical, and electronic functions of a lab-based blood test. Specifically, it performs an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) without requiring any stored energy: all necessary power is drawn from the smartphone. It performs a triplexed immunoassay not currently available in a single test format: HIV antibody, treponemal-specific antibody for syphilis, and non-treponemal antibody for active syphilis infection.

…During the field testing in Rwanda, health care workers were given 30 minutes of training, which included a user-friendly interface to aid the user through each test, step-by-step pictorial directions, built-in timers to alert the user to next steps, and records of test results for later review. The vast majority of patients (97%) said they would recommend the dongle because of its fast turn-around time, ability to offer results for multiple diseases, and simplicity of procedure.

Source: Smartphone, Finger Prick, 15 Minutes, Diagnosis—Done!

Screw the relatively useless features that smartphones currently provide.  I’m looking at you, NFC and 1080p…  There’s no mention, but I’d hope the device would be able to help with diabetes, INR…

Vegemite, Marmite: Do They Have Vitamin K?

This took a little digging, but in a 1 teaspoon (6 grams) serving there is either no vitamin K, or it is so small it does not warrant mention.  So you can eat a fair amount of it without concern, but I would still not recommend consuming an entire container to yourself in a single sitting unless you already do that regularly, and your INR has been relatively stable.

To those unaware, both vegemite and marmite are made with brewer’s yeast extract.  Vegemite is Australian/New Zealand, while marmite is British/UK.  Either is a spread you’d apply to toast. As I remember, either tastes like sadness but I digress…

Marmite/vegemite is an acquired taste for most, but it is incredibly healthy.  Very low in saturated fat, cholesterol and calories (9 calories per serving). And a good source of protein, iron and selenium, and a very good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium and potassium.  The warning about sodium is outdated – there’s no relationship between sodium and heart disease.

Vegemite/marmite is also vegetarian, and vegan.  However some of the key ingredients of vegemite/marmite are malt extract derived from barley and yeast extract, from yeast grown on barley and wheat.  Therefore either is not gluten free.

Vegemite/marmite contains MSG, which is not the health risk myth that still persists.  But if you have an allergy to yeast, or are prone to yeast infections (IE: thrush) – consuming vegemite/marmite is not a good idea.  Allergic reactions to baker’s yeast may include a congested/runny nose and inflammation/itching of the skin.

Where Does the Name ‘Brussels Sprouts’ Come From?

Let me preface this with the following health info: 1 cup of Brussel sprouts comes in at 243% of the daily recommended value of vitamin K.  The health profile is otherwise pretty good, but a cup of Brussel sprouts will seriously ruin your INR.

Brussels sprouts have a mysterious and puzzling history. Some writers suggest they were eaten in classical times, but according to the English food writer Jane Grigson, they are first mentioned in the city of Brussels’s market regulations in 1213. This would suggest they were being grown in the Low Countries at that time. However, not until two centuries later do they appear again, this time on the menus of Burgundian wedding feasts held at the court of Lille. At that time the powerful dukes of Burgundy controlled northern France and most of the Low Countries. After this appearance on the royal table, brussels sprouts vanish again; it seems they were never a popular vegetable, or perhaps they remained a very local specialty.

Source: Where Does the Name ‘Brussels Sprouts’ Come From?

Personally, I never liked them but I chalk that up to probably poor preparation/cooking.

Ode to the Avocado

You can search and find numerous articles that extol the virtues of the avocado. This is my favourite article.  Lifting from the best:

With lots of calories and being high in fat (85% of its calories come from fat) – it’s good fat. Avocado’s support for heart and blood vessels might be surprising to some people who think about avocado as too high in fat for heart health.  Heart health is improved by intake of oleic acid (the primary fatty acid in avocado) and by intake of omega-3 fatty acids (provided by avocado in the form of alpha-linolenic acid and in the amount of 160 milligrams per cup). Since elevated levels of homocysteine form a key risk factor for heart disease, and since B vitamins are very important for healthy regulation of homocysteine levels, avocado’s significant amounts of vitamin B-6 and folic acid provide another channel of heart support.

There’s avocado’s ability to help prevent osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis…  And that avocado helps prevent the occurrence of cancers in the mouth, skin, and prostate gland…

Starting to see why it’s recommended that you consume at least half an avocado a day?  Avocado’s are also low in Vitamin K, but 1 cup/150 grams of avocado does provide ~35% of the Daily Value (DV).  All things in moderation…

Lots serve avocado by the slice or cube in recipes.  I currently find guacamole (recipe) works for me – I can use it as a mayonnaise substitute with tuna, a topping on pasta (recipe) or pizza, garnish in a pita pocket or English muffin.  You can read here about how to minimize the browning.