Don’t Worry About the “Gender” of Your Nutrition Bars

You can’t escape nutrition bars.

The foodstuff—that doesn’t quite look like food—lines grocery store shelves, fills office kitchen drawers, and hides squished at the bottom of backpacks and purses, preemptive strikes against future hunger emergencies. Not all bars are created equal, of course. “Protein bars” place emphasis on muscle building. “Energy bars” hone in on the concept of food as fuel, the snack to tide you over between meals. And “nutrition bars” target “health and weight-conscious consumers”—veiled language for the belief that nutrition bars are supposed to be for women.

Source: The Stereotype-Driven Business of Selling Nutrition Bars to Women

So basically the same thing as every other “For X gender” product ever?  Gotcha.  Men’s chapstick is brilliant – it comes in a flat tube to fit in the pocket better.  Because they don’t carry purses…

It’s not about the gender of the marketing – try it for yourself to determine if it works for you.  There’s no absolute rule for nutrition in triathlon because everybody is different.  Even within gender.

Why Expectant Mothers Shouldn’t Panic About Taking Antidepressants

A new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who take antidepressants during the mid-to-late stages of their pregnancy experience an 87% increased risk of having a child diagnosed with autism. Here’s what the study actually found and why there’s no immediate cause for alarm.

Source: Why Expectant Mothers Shouldn’t Panic About Taking Antidepressants

The problem isn’t that their math is wrong. The problem is that in this case – like many – a percentage is the wrong way to convey the data. Unless sensationalism is the goal.

Maternal Testosterone Exposure Increases Offspring’s Anxiety

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have elevated levels of testosterone and its chemical relatives. They also have an increased risk of anxiety and depression. Both sons and daughters of women with PCOS have similar symptoms, so it might be transmitted through traditional genetic means. But the idea is gaining traction that it is the fetal environment—specifically, the fact that the fetuses of mothers with PCOS are gestating in high levels of testosterone—that’s associated with the problems.

Source: Maternal testosterone exposure increases offspring’s anxiety

Sadly, no news on how to alleviate the issue.  Just that we’ve confirmed a link.

New Hypothesis on Depression

The discovery of antidepressant drugs led to the first biochemical hypothesis of depression, known as the monoamine hypothesis. However, this hypothesis does not seem to fully explain the complexity of human depression. Now a new study offers one more important key that may increase our understanding of the pathogenesis behind clinical depression and neurodegenerative disorders.

Source: Sequestered prion protein takes the good mood away, suggests new hypothesis on depression

With new (possibly proper) understanding, comes better treatment.

Common Medications Sway Moral Judgment

How many times would you give your neighbor an electric shock to earn a few extra bucks? Your answer could be more malleable than you think. A new study finds that two common drugs—an antidepressant and a treatment for Parkinson’s disease—can influence moral decisions, a discovery that could help unravel specific mechanisms behind aggression and eventually help researchers design treatments for antisocial behavior.

Source: Common Medications Sway Moral Judgment

Did anyone seriously doubt that psychoactive drugs can and do affect just about all decision-making processes?

Psychedelic Drug Could Have Promising Future In Treatment Of Asthma

…DOI treatment prevented the majority of the asthma-like symptoms wrought by ovalbumin exposure. DOI-treated asthmatic mice could breathe normally, and did not show the expected increase in mucus production and inflammation that one would expect in this model of asthma.

Furthermore, the researchers could ameliorate this type of asthma with a dosage of DOI that was 100 times lower than the dosage required to elicit behavioral symptoms – raising the possibility that low doses of DOI might be able to treat human asthma without causing a psychedelic experience.

Source: Psychedelic Drug Could Have Promising Future In Treatment Of Asthma

There could be a lot more benefit.  Serotonin is believed to be involved in migraines. The theory has not been proven to date, but potentially this could treat migraines as well.

That said, it’d be only a matter of time before people stockpile DOI in hopes of getting the psychedelic experience.

Potential Anti-Aging Drug

Ibuprofen will decrease the clotting ability of your blood even more when combined with blood thinner. Generally people who take warfarin/coumadin should never take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, IE: ibuprofen, naproxen etc) because NSAIDs increase the risk of uncontrollable bleeding.  Do not take Ibuprofen when on warfarin, or any other blood thinners for that matter, unless you consult your doctor. Your doctor may allow NSAIDs over a short duration, but with a background of stomach protection eg Omeprazole, Ranitidine.

One of the most common pain-relievers could be promising in the quest for longevity, according to a new study in animals in the journal PLOS Genetics.

In the research, scientists treated yeast, worms, and fruit flies with normal doses of ibuprofen (which is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or NSAID, popularly known by the brand names of Advil and or Motrin). The doses were akin to what a human might take for a regular headache or a little muscle soreness.

Source: This drug could be promising in extending life (and it’s already in your medicine cabinet)

If you actually look at the study, the equivalent dose in humans for the levels they were testing was a single dose of 400mg. When they looked at humans with on a higher dose (600 mg) they found significantly higher levels that were not found to be protective in higher order organisms. In the higher order organisms, significant lower amounts were protective.

This doesn’t take into account “unhealthy” models like most humans. Even if it translated to the same 15% average gain in human cellular lifespan, there is no guarantee or even likelihood it wouldn’t be wiped out by increased cardiovascular death, renal failure, and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds. These insect and worm models didn’t eat a typical western diet during the study 😉

But it interesting that more studies have shown that taking ibuprofen increases your risk of heart attack, and the more you take or the more often you take, the greater the risk.  Even in a healthy individual 1-2 weeks of moderate to high dose ibuprofen (600 – 1000 mg, three times a day for “moderate-high” dose. If your old or small then reduce 200 – 400 mg.) use can GI problems (which can range from heartburn like pain to life threatening GI bleeding). I don’t recommend any courses longer than 7 days (followed by that much time off before restarting if needed). It’s also rough on the kidneys and can cause kidney failure – particularly if you are not well hydrated so make sure you take doses with a big glass of water.

The older you get – the worse NSAIDs get for you, and the more prone to adverse effects you become.